ITALIAN STYLE COOKING


There is no such thing as popular Italian foods that are common all over Italy. Italian cuisine is
strongly influenced by local history and traditions, as well as by the local and seasonal availability of products. Some of Italy's most famous gourmet delicacies which have gained internal fame,  such as white truffles, can be found only in certain regions of Italy.

This be said, the Italian menu has a typical structure in much the same way all over Italy - with an antipasto, primo, secondo and dessert -, but each region of Italy has its own regional food specialties.

Common Italian foods and dishes include all types of pasta, risotto and some soups (minestroni and zuppe) and delicious meat and fish dishes.

Pasta
Pasta can be subdivided according to their composition, (only wheat flour and water or wheat flour, water and eggs), their shelf-life (fresh or dry pasta), their production method and their shape or cut.
Many shapes are available, but Italians usually group the different shapes into short and long pasta, and plain or stuffed pasta. Each shape of pasta is matched with a different sauce depending on that shape's ability to hold that specific sauce. Some pasta types are found only in a particular region or change name according to the region.


A variety of thick soups made with vegetables, beans and pasta, rice or potatoes. Common ingredients include beans, onions, celery, carrots, stock, and tomatoes. It is served as a primo as an alternative to a pasta or risotto plate.

Zuppa di Pesce (Italian Fish Soup)

Pizza

Pizza is an oven-baked, flat, round-shaped bread covered with ingredients such as tomato sauce, cheese, olive oil and optionally other toppings. There are, broadly speaking, two types of pizza: the Neapolitan, which is relatively tick and resembles a flat bread, and the roman one, which is much thinner and crustier. The Neapolitan pizza is close to the type of pizza found in the US.

Italians also distinguish between red (with tomato sauce) and white pizza (also called foccacia, which has no tomato sauce, but can be topped with other ingredients).

Italian cuisine does not include a large variety of spices, but the spices and herbs used are almost always used fresh adding a delicate flavor to the dishes. Balsamic vinegar, olive oil, Parmesan cheese (or Pecorino), black olives, pine kernels are also used to flavor dishes (the latter one especially in some regional dishes). Olive oil is also the basic ingredient used for cooking.

Risotto
Risotto is a rice dish typically served as a primo and which can be flavored in a hundred different ways. Some of the most famous risotto recipes are alla Romana and alla Milanese. Other typical risotti include: risotto ai funghi, risotto al tartufo bianco (or with black truffle), risotto ai frutti di mare (sea-food), risotto alla milanese (with saffron).

Minestrone (vegetable and beans soup)

Typical Italian main dishes, depending on the region, include: bistecca alla Fiorentina, brasato, costolette d'agnello arrosto or fritte, scaloppina alla Milanese, bollito, ossobuco, parmigiana di melanzane and saltimbocca alla Romana.

Zuppa di Cozze
Unlike the name suggests not really a soup, but a classic way of cooking and serving mussels, in white with a tasty sauce of white wine, garlic and Italian parsley. Similarly, you also have Zuppa di Vongole (clams) or a 'misto Cozze e Vongole'.

Other typical antipasti misti include salumi (cold meats), vegetali (vegetables) and formaggi (cheeses).

Depending on their type, Italian cheeses can be served as antipasto, added as topping on primi or used for the preparation of secondi, contorni or desserts. Famous Italian cheeses include Parmigiano, Pecorino and, of course, mozz

In Italy (and the rest of Europe) the name Parmesan is a protected designation of origin for the hard, granular cheese from Parma. The generic name for this type of cheese from other parts of Italy is grana.

 

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